Find Agriculture expertise in Bangladesh

Industry

Agriculture along with forestry and fisheries contributes 19% to Bangladesh’s GDP (2010). The country is heavily dependent on the sector, especially in terms of employment, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. Consequently land used for agricultural purposes accounts for a very high 70.3% of total land area and, as a country in which 75% of the population live in rural areas, agriculture is crucial in generating income. Officially around 45% of the total labour force is employed in the sector, but a much higher proportion relies on some level of agriculturally-related production for their livelihood.

The majority of those living in rural areas keep livestock, predominantly poultry and goats but increasingly also sheep. Rice is the primary crop, with the country the fourth largest rice producing country in the world. The crop is grown by intensive successive cropping, growing one crop of rice with flood waters, a second crop with irrigation and a third winter crop in the dry season.  There has also been a significant increase in potato production, as well as a relatively recent development of maize. Alongside poultry, goats and sheep, the populations of cattle and buffalo have increased, although productivity levels are low. Other crops include jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit and milk. These are often produced in smallholdings, though more technologically advanced cooperatives are gaining prominence within the sector. The leading agricultural exports are jute, tea and tobacco, with Bangladesh retaining its position as the largest global exporter of jute. It was the most lucrative export in 2010, contributing $191,351,000 to the economy. The Ministry of Agriculture is the key public body in the industry.

Agriculture organisations in Bangladesh
Ministry of Agriculture