Find Legal expertise in Bangladesh
- Legal System
Bangladesh broadly follows the English legal system of Common Law. Directly after independence in 1971 post-partition legislation enacted in Pakistan continued to form part of the basis of Bangladeshi personal status laws, but since 1972 legal developments have been distinct. The legal system consists of the Supreme Court, a nationwide system of criminal and civil courts, and magistrates’ courts in the major cities. As typical in Common Law countries, the country’s Supreme Court can do more than simply interpret the law. It can, for instance, also declare a particular law void if it infringes on citizens’ rights.
The president has control over appointment of the Supreme Court judges. The Supreme Court consists of 2 divisions, namely the Appellate Divisions and the High Court Division, which have distinct functions and appoint judges separately. The Appellate Division has the jurisdiction to discharge appeal case charged against the verdict of the High Court Division, and its decision is final. Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) is applied in family matters through the regular court system. The family courts are the courts of first instance for personal status cases of all religious communities, although personal status laws differ according to different religious communities.
In May 2007 the caretaker government created special courts to adjudicate in high-profile corruption cases. In November 2007 the caretaker government declared the independence of the judiciary from the executive, following a directive issued by the Supreme Court in December 1999 in accordance with Article 22 of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Previous elected governments of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Awami League had effectively filibustered implementing the directive.
Lawyers in Bangladesh are styled advocates and solicitors. To be recognised as an advocate and solicitor one must be a member of the Bangladesh Bar Association. Foreign lawyers cannot usually practice in the country, but in special circumstances permission can be sought from the Bangladesh Bar Council.
Legal education in Bangladesh follows two paths, either private law college based two-year post-graduate course or four-year undergraduate LLB (Hons.) course provided by law faculties of public universities. Recently private universities have also started to open law faculties for LLB (Hons.) courses. The Bangladesh Bar Council, the executive body of the Bar Association, is the central body of all advocates in the country. Notable examples of law firms include DFDL Bangladesh, FM Associates and Orr, Dignam and Co.
Information from the World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013
Legal rights index
Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes
Efficiency of legal framework in challenging regulations
Property rights (including financial assets)
Intellectual property protection
|Legal organisations in Bangladesh|
|Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs||
|Remfry & Son Ltd||
|The Law Associates||