Find Agriculture expertise in Botswana


Agriculture together with forestry and fisheries contributed only 2% of Botswana’s GDP (2010). The contribution of agriculture to the economy has radically reduced since the country’s independence. The sector primarily produces for domestic consumption, rather than for export, although it is not sufficient to meet domestic need. Rather, the country imports most of its food, mainly from South Africa. The majority of people in the largely rural nation are involved in agriculture to some degree, around 80%, yet only around 15% are formally employed in the industry. Although agricultural land accounts for 46.6% of total land area (2009), the landscape of the country dictates and limits its potential agricultural output.  Much of the land is dry and drought-prone, with a large proportion of the country covered by the Kalahari Desert. 

Sorghum and maize are the main subsistence crops here, alongside millet, groundnuts, beans and sunflower seeds. Farms are small, 2.3 hectares on average, and farmers struggle with the conditions even when there is rain. Non-intensive cattle raising also takes place in the drier areas. The wetter eastern areas of the country produce the primary crops of corn and wheat.  A large proportion of agriculture’s share of GDP comes from livestock, primarily beef, which generated US$34m in 2010. The country is a major exporter of the meat, mainly to the European Union. The Ministry of Agriculture, with its main offices in the capital, Gaborone, is responsible for agriculture.

Agriculture organisations in Botswana
Agricon Ltd
Botswana Agricultural Marketing Board
Chemicals Botswana Ltd
Clover Chemical Industries Ltd
District Agricultural Office
Ghanzi Farmers Supplies
Jims Farm Supplies Ltd
Kweneng Agriculture Supplies
Ministry of Agriculture
Modern Farm Equipment
Nova Holding Ltd
Roseman Tractor Equipment Co.