The power to appoint ambassadors and high commissioners to represent Botswana abroad, or the principal representatives of Botswana at international organisations, is vested in the president. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation is responsible for Botswana’s missions abroad; it comprises the Department of Africa and Asia Affairs and the Department of Europe and America Affairs.
Around 29 nations retain permanent missions in Botswana, mostly based in the capital, Gaborone. These countries have close, stable and cordial relations with Botswana, focusing on business, development and cultural cooperation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation maintains regular contacts with missions and regional organisations accredited to Botswana, particularly those concerned with economic and political integration in Southern Africa. Botswana joins the African consensus on most major international issues and is a member of international organisations such as the United Nations and the African Union.
There are around 30 diplomatic missions abroad, including embassies, high commissions and consulates, headed, respectively, by an ambassador, high commissioner or consul-general.