Travel in Canada

Time:Canada covers six time zones, from GMT -8 in the west to GMT -3.5 in the east.
Electricity:Electrical current is 110 volts, 60Hz.
Language:The official languages are English and French.
Health:No vaccinations are necessary for travel to Canada.
Tipping:Usually 15% is expected.
Safety:Most visits to Canada are trouble-free. The country is politically stable, but does share the common international risk of terrorism. There have been no recent terrorism events. The crime rate is low, but travellers are advised to take sensible precautions to safeguard their belongings as they would anywhere. Canada is prone to tornadoes between May and September.
Business:Hours of business are usually 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday.
Communications:The international access code for Canada is +1. The outgoing code is 011 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 01144 for the United Kingdom); the outgoing code is not necessary for calls to the US and the Caribbean. The area code for Ottawa is (1)613, and (1)416 for Toronto. Internet cafes are widely available.
Duty Free:Travellers to Canada are allowed to enter the country with the following items without incurring custom duties: gifts to the value of C$60 (excluding advertising material, tobacco and alcoholic beverages); 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or cigarillos and 200g of tobacco or 200 tobacco sticks; 1.14 litres of liquor or wine or 24 x 355ml bottles or cans of beer or ale. There are strict regulations governing the import of the following: explosives, endangered animal and plant species, items of heritage, fresh foodstuffs and weapons.