Find Fisheries expertise in Fiji

Fisheries were estimated to contribute $56.2 million to the economy in 2007, employing about 6900 in the primary sector and 1900 in the secondary sector.  Fiji also has an extensive water area of 1,290,000 km2, and, as islands, a coastline of 5010 km and a shelf area of approximately 15,000 km2. As such, the fisheries are an important part of the Fijian economy as the third largest resource sector.

The Fisheries Division recognises four primary sub-sectors: The industrial fishery, the artisanal fishery, aquaculture and the inland sub-sector.

The industrial fishery operates on a large-scale and is primarily export oriented. About 80% of the marine catch profile is tuna and the industry includes the Pacific Fishing Company (PAFCO) tuna cannery at Levuka, and tuna capture and supply by both local and overseas vessels. The deep-water snapper and domestic tuna longline fisheries have been included in this category since 1990.

Offshore fishing in Fiji is oriented towards export markets, especially Japan and the USA. About 51% of exports of sashimi grade tuna go to Japan and the USA, while the remaining 49% go to China, Australia, New Zealand and the European Union.

The artisanal fishery is composed of small scale commercial fishing for domestic sale and subsistence fishing for home consumption. Aquaculture is gradually moving out of the experimental stage and has the advantage of not being based on limited natural resources. The sub-sector has also received substantial investment from the Fijian government and donors. The main produced species include tilapia, freshwater prawn, tiger shrimp, sea weed and black pearl.

The inland sub-sector remains quite small, mainly for home consumption. The most important species is the freshwater mussel, followed by eels, various inland crustaceans, and introduced species such as tilapia and carps.

Fisheries organisations in Fiji
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests