Find Agriculture expertise in Ghana

The agriculture sector in Ghana has experienced impressive development, with agricultural growth averaging more than 5% a year over the 25 years up to 2008. Agriculture, along with forestry and fisheries contributes 30% of Ghana’s GDP (2010), with about half of the population engaged in farming. Having raised food production per capita by more than 80% since the early 1980s, the country has become largely self-sufficient in staples, partly thanks to large increases in cassava and yam production. Crops such as cocoa and cocoa products, rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas and timber products form the base of Ghana’s economy.

Cocoa has experienced a revival of fortunes in recent years, with the Cocoa Board accounting the rise in production to improved farming techniques and a major disease control campaign. The country has also seen the growth in farmer-led marketing organisations, notably Kuapa Kokoo, which has over 35,000 farmer members. Through the organisation some farmers have been able to earn premium, Fairtrade prices for their cocoa, and it has become an important partner in a Fairtrade chocolate manufacturing company. Cocoa is by far the most profitable export, with cocoa beans exports generating US$847,395,000 and cocoa butter generating US$86,459,000 in 2010.

The country has also seen a growth in higher value vegetables and fruit for domestic and export markets. A great proportion of total land area is accounted for by agriculture, 68.1% in 2009. Farming is more difficult in the dry savannahs of the north, where fertile land is scarce. The majority of people there are small-scale farmers who face numerous problems with production. However, cotton production is a growing sector in the area. The country’s main export markets are the Netherlands, Burkina Faso, the United Kingdom and South Africa. The Ghanaian Ministry of Food and Agriculture is responsible for formulating and monitoring agricultural policies aimed at economic development throughout the country.

Agriculture organisations in Ghana
Agria Machinery Services
Agric Engineering Services Directorate
Agricultural Engineers Ltd
AgroHerb Inc. Gh Ltd
Agrosol Ltd
Allied Cocoa Products Ltd
Bambros Investments Ltd
Bayouh Chemical Ltd
Biotrade Ltd
Dizengoff (Gh) Ltd
EH Foods
Electroclimat (Irrigation Equipment)
Ghana Agro Food Co. Ltd
Ghana Oil Palm Development Co.
Ghana Soil Research Institute
Green Sun Set Ltd
Mandis Ltd
Mensbon Company Limited
Minasara Farms
Oduro Oil Palms
Saro AgroSciences (Gh) Ltd
Seed Shop Company Ltd, The
Tractor & Equipment Ltd
Trans Tropical Impex Ltd
West Africa Fair Fruits Company
Wienco Ghana Limited