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Legal system

Guyana’s legal system, like most Commonwealth countries in the region, follows the English Common Law tradition. Vestiges of the Roman-Dutch legal system also remain, especially in the areas of land tenure. Summary jurisdiction in lesser civil and criminal cases is exercised in the magistrates’ courts, one in each of the ten regions. Above this, the Supreme Court consists of two divisions the High Court and the Court of Appeal. The High Court is made up of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and ten puisne judges, and possesses both original and appellate jurisdiction. It possesses general jurisdiction in both civil and criminal matters, whilst appeals of High Court rulings go to the Court of Appeal. The Court of Appeal has a chancellor, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and as many justices as the National Assembly may prescribe. The chief judicial officer in the country is the chancellor of the Court of Appeal.

The three tier hierarchy of the judicial system used to be completed by the Guyana Court of Appeal. However, in 2005 legislative amendments allowed Guyana’s ratification of the Caribbean Court of Justice, in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, establishing it as the final court of appeal. The Attorney General (a cabinet-level minister) has traditional supervisory authority over all criminal prosecutions. The executive president appoints all judges, except the chancellor of the High Court, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal and the Chief Magistrate. These three judges are appointed by the Judicial Service Commission.

Legal organisations in Guyana
Cameron & Shepherd Solicitors
Choo-Shee-Nam Rosemarie
Harmon JF
Jamela A. Ali - Attorney-at-Law
KA Juman Yassin & Associates
Mc Kay and Moore
Mr Kashir A.
Ramlochan Gary
Scotland Dr. Barton A.
Templar Chambers