Guyana’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for the co-ordination and implementation of the country’s foreign policy, diplomacy and international relations. Since independence, Guyana has sought to play an active role in international affairs, particularly among developing and non-aligned nations. Good bilateral relations are maintained with many countries through various diplomatic missions. Guyana is a strong advocate of regional integration and this is demonstrated in the influential role it played in the founding of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), with CARICOM’s Secretariat being headquartered in Georgetown; and its membership of the Union de Naciones Suramericanes (UNASUR). Guyana also participates in multilateral affairs through international organisations, such as the UN and the Commonwealth. Within such organisations the country strives to promote democracy, human rights, good governance and the general socio-economic advancement of its peoples
Over 35 countries maintain permanent diplomatic missions in Guyana. These take the form of consulates, high commissions, honorary consulates and embassies, all of which are based exclusively in the capital, Georgetown. The activities of such missions include the co-ordination of bilateral relations and the provision of consular services. Cuba’s embassy in Guyana has been present in Georgetown since the early 1970s, serving as an intermediary for bilateral relations between the two countries. Guyana-Cuba relations are focused heavily on technical co-operation, especially in areas of health and education, and the Cuban government offers scholarships for Guyanese students to study in Cuba.
Guyana has foreign relations with over 130 countries and maintains embassies, consulates, honorary consulates and high commissions in some 25 countries. It also maintains a permanent mission to the United Nations in New York. The country’s foreign missions provide a range of service to both Guyanese and non-Guyanese citizens including information and services on consular matters, visa applications, replacement of passports and consular assistance.
Guyana’s embassies and other foreign missions also act as channels for conducting diplomacy and representing Guyana in international organisations such as the UN.