Find Agriculture expertise in India

Industry

Agriculture, together with forestry and fisheries, contributes 19% of India’s GDP (2010), and with two-thirds of the population dependent on it for their livelihood it forms a crucial part of the Indian economy. Major food grain crops include rice, wheat, sorghum, maize and millet, while major cash crops include oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, tea, coffee, potatoes, onions and jute. The country has developed into the world’s largest producer of fruits and vegetables thanks to its favourable agro-climatic conditions and rich natural resource base. It ranks second worldwide in the production of cashew, cabbage, cotton seed, garlic, cardamom, onions, sugarcane, tomatoes, coconut, groundnut, tea, green peas, cauliflower and potatoes. The main exports markets for the country are the United States, the European Union, China and United Arab Emirates.

Agriculture plays an important, although declining role in the economy. Its share in overall GDP fell from 30% in the early nineties, to below 19% in 2008. All this has been a result of the country’s rapid economic growth and diversification into the services and manufacturing areas of the economy. However the viability of the sector remains important to India’s overall economic well-being; there has been concern expressed over the slowdown in agricultural growth during the 2000s, with, according to the World Bank, the country’s rice yields only a third those of China and half those of Vietnam and Indonesia. A similar situation is the case in relation to many agricultural products. The livestock sector is a key part of the provision of food for the country. It is largely for domestic use – although production of milk in 2011 was 13% of the global total, none was exported. The livestock population includes cattle, buffalo, goats, pigs and sheep, yet meat production is low. The Ministry of Agriculture is the leading public body in sector.

Agriculture organisations in India
Ministry of Agriculture