Universities and Colleges in India
India’s higher education system is one of the largest in the world, and the largest in the Commonwealth with a student population of almost 10 million and a teacher population of just over 450,000. India’s prominence in the global supply of engineering and IT graduates year after year is renowned. Each year India produces 350,000 engineers, and around 2.5 million graduates overall (2006). The country’s educational institutions are expected to maintain a good standard and quality of education; and their degrees and diplomas are recognised throughout the country. There are provisions for penal action or withdrawal of recognition if reasonable quality and standards are not maintained and/or if an institution is found to be involved in serious malpractice. Of late, the AICTE and the National Assessment and Accreditation Council have been given greater responsibilities in order to combat this. The female–male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 0.35:1 (2007). Literacy among people aged 15–24 is 81% (2006).