Find Fisheries expertise in New Zealand
- Overview of the industry
- Fishery bodies
Fisheries, along with agriculture and forestry, contribute 6% of New Zealand’s GDP (2008) and seafood exports consistently rank as New Zealand’s fourth or fifth largest export earner. New Zealand’s fisheries have developed over the last 30 years from being largely inshore based to having around 70% of catch originating from wild fisheries caught in deep water. New Zealand has a coastline which stretches over 15,000 km and has an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and territorial sea of 4.4 million km2. Although there is a substantial potential fishing area, there is relatively little continental shelf with 72% of the area with water of over 1000 m deep, and only 6% less than 200 m deep. As a result, 70% of the 130 commercially targeted species are taken in deep water fisheries.
New Zealand exports the vast majority (90%) of catch, with only a tenth going directly to domestic consumption. The main export markets are the European Union, the USA, Japan and Australia. Other market destinations include Hong Kong, China and the Republic of Korea and other Asian markets.
The catch profile includes squid, hoki, ling, oreo dories, orange roughy and silver warehou. Important species for the smaller inshore fisheries included in the catch profile are the spiny rock lobster, paua and the snapper. Except for a small commercial fishery for native eel species, inland freshwater fisheries are purely recreational, supporting both local and tourist sport fishing in lakes and rivers.
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) works to ensure that fisheries are used in a sustainable way. The primary management mechanism the MPI uses to achieve this is the Quota Management System (QMS) which is designed to protect the future sustainability of the fisheries while facilitating their optimum economic use. The system uses markets, together with scientific assessments of fish stocks to allocate fishing rights.
Seafood New Zealand is the primary trade association, overseeing trade policy developments globally, regionally and bilaterally to enhance market access for New Zealand seafood exports. Major fishing companies include United Fisheries, Pegasus Bay Fishing Ltd., New Zealand Scallop Co. Ltd., and Burkhart Fisheries Ltd.
Important regulatory bodies include The New Zealand Seafood Industry Council whose main areas of focus include shaping policies, lobbying for surety of access to fisheries, reducing tariffs, working cooperatively on fisheries management and environmental issues, providing an avenue for funding for scientific research and value-added innovation, and enhancing the industry’s profile in the community. A non-profit organisation, Deepwater Group Ltd. is working in partnership with the Ministry of Fisheries and with other interest groups to ensure New Zealand gains the maximum economic yields from New Zealand’s deep water fisheries resources managed within a long-term and sustainable framework.
|Fisheries organisations in New Zealand|
|Ministry of Fisheries||