Find Forestry expertise in Nigeria

An FAO report (2010) states that Nigeria’s forest resources account for about 2.5% of GDP. The bulk of Nigeria’s forest production is fuel wood. According to the UN 10.8% of Nigeria’s land area is forested (2009). The main types of forests are lowland rainforests, freshwater swamp forests, savannah woodlands, riparian forests, mangrove forests and montane forests. Some economically important rainforest trees include mahoganies, African walnut (Lovoa) and Mansonia. A few savannah tree species are commercially harvested. Many other trees are cut for fuel by locals or cleared to make room for agriculture. 

Although Nigeria was once a significant exporter of timber, the country is a net importer. Between 1990 and 2005, Nigeria’s forests contracted by over 30%. Between 2000 and 2005, Nigeria had the highest rate of deforestation of primary forests in the world at 55.7% (Vietnam had the second highest rate at 54.5%). Deforestation results from road building projects (often sponsored by oil companies), subsistence farming, logging, mining and dam construction.

The Federal Department of Forestry which promotes the conservation and development of the Nigeria’s forests has set aside about 10% of Nigeria’s total land area as forest reserves. In 2012 the National Council on the Environment announced a ban on the export of fuel wood and charcoal, in an effort to reduce deforestation in Nigeria.  

The Federal Forestry Policy provides the basic guidelines for states legislation. However, the management of forest estates in Nigeria is mainly in the hands of the state governments. Federal Forestry also gives recognition to the role of communities in forest management.

Forestry organisations in Nigeria
Federal Department of Forestry, The
Forestry Association of Nigeria