Find Agriculture expertise in Pakistan

Industry

Agriculture, together with forestry and fisheries, contributed roughly 25% of GDP in 2010 and 34.1% of land is given over to agricultural use (2009). Agriculture is a fundamental component of the Pakistani economy providing over 45% of the population with employment (2008). Agricultural activity in the country is mostly small scale, so increased mechanisation is necessary to facilitate growth in the sector. Pakistan has two main growing seasons, divided into Rabi and Kharif. The Rabi crops are wheat, lentils, tobacco, rapeseed and barley, whilst rice, sugarcane, cotton and maize are grown during Kharif.

Cotton alone contributed 1.4% of GDP in 2010, which amounted to a total production of 12.9 million bales. According to a UN Food and Agriculture report in 2005, Pakistan is the second largest producer of chickpeas and the third largest producer of mangos in the world. Livestock farming is an increasingly large industry in Pakistan, and the country is now the world’s fourth largest milk producer. The pastoral sector has moved from subsistence farming to a large industry, and now accounts for 11.5% of GDP (2011). The main products in this sector are milk and meat, whilst poultry production has emerged as an important addition to this profile. The Ministry of Food and Agriculture has oversight for the industry.

Agriculture organisations in Pakistan
Development, Rehabilitation of Environment and Movement for Sustainable Development