Find Mining expertise in Pakistan

The mining industry in Pakistan accounted for 2.9% of GDP in 2009, and posted a growth rate of 2.7% in the same year. Pakistan has many exploitable resources but the sector is hampered by a shortage of investment capital and periods of political instability. Industrial minerals produced in Pakistan include limestone, salt, gypsum and aragonite; and metallic minerals mined include bauxite, iron ore and copper. The mining and mineral industry as a whole employed 1.6% of the labour force in 2009.

Despite reforms made in 1995, the mining industry remains influenced by public sector companies. The three large, state-owned companies are Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation (PMDC), Saindak Metals and Lakhra Coal Development Company. Just one of these companies, PMCD, produces 17% of all coal production in Pakistan. Coal is a potential source that could meet Pakistan’s energy requirements for the future, as Pakistan has the fourth largest reserves of coal in the world. A recent exploration of the Thar coalfield estimated that this field alone contained 100 billion metric tons of lignite coal.

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources has oversight for the industry, as well as for the three state-owned mining companies.

Mining and Minerals organisations in Pakistan
Bolan Mining Enterprises