A minister heads each one of the 16 government ministries, such as the Ministry of Manpower or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ministers are appointed by the president, on the advice of the prime minister, from among the members of Parliament to form a cabinet. The top-ranking public servant in each ministry is the permanent secretary. The president can also choose multiple permanent secretaries and parliamentary secretaries for each ministry, at the prime minister’s advice. The top-ranking public servant in the country is the head of the Civil Service.