Find Fisheries expertise in Swaziland

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries contribute 11% of Swaziland’s GDP (2007). While the contribution of fisheries alone has not been estimated, but is likely to be negligible. Swaziland is landlocked and has no access to the sea, and while there are no significant natural lakes swamps or floodplains, there is fairly high, though un-developed potential for fisheries in dams and fishponds throughout the country. As a result, the fisheries sector is completely inland and relatively small. However, there are a number of dams including the Hendrick Van Eck, Luphohlo, Maguga, Mkimkomo, Mnjoli and Sand River Dams.

Swaziland does not export fishery products, and almost all fish with economic value are imported from neighbouring countries.

The two major sub-sectors include capture fisheries and aquaculture.

Capture fisheries is very small, but is an important source of food for some poor communities. The most commercially important fish species are tilapia and catfish, while species that are targeted for sport include largemouth bass, rainbow trout and tiger fish.

Aquaculture on the other hand is actively supported by government, and is practiced in fishponds that are on average 200m2 of which in 2007 there were about 40. The most important species farmed include tilapia, catfish, rainbow trout, and the common carp.

Fisheries organisations in Swaziland
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries