The president accredits ambassadors and appoints plenipotentiaries, diplomatic representatives and consuls. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for advising and representing the president on issues and matters pertaining to foreign political relations; for consular affairs and services; for profiles of foreign countries; and for providing services and vital information to Zambians in, or travelling to, foreign countries. Zambia exchanges embassies, high commissions and consulates with more than 30 countries.
Around 40 nations retain permanent missions in Zambia, most of which are based in Lusaka. Zambia has remained an important country in the southern African region due to its political stability, economic development and its contribution to the peace of the region. Several countries, including Japan, extend financial and technical assistance to Zambia through their embassies, high commissions and consulates, maintaining official diplomatic relations with Zambia. Canada continues to partner with Zambia in its efforts to achieve its Millennium Development Goals.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs directs Zambia’s foreign policy and the country’s international relations. It has several embassies in southern Africa and several more in Europe and Asia. There is an embassy in Washington, DC, USA. Some of the embassies have multiple accreditations. Through its embassy in Brussels, for example, Zambia is accredited to Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg, as well as international organisations, notably the European Union (EU) and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in The Netherlands. Zambia has a permanent mission to the UN in New York, USA.