Kalangala District, named for its chief town, is located in the south of the Central Region of Uganda. The district is spread across the Ssese Islands in the northwest of Lake Victoria with the town of Kalangala situated on Bugala Island, the largest of the Ssese Islands. Of the 84 islands that make up Kalangala District, only 43 are inhabited while land constitutes less than 5% of the area covered by the district, with the rest being open water.
The district economy relies heavily upon fishing, with islanders migrating to follow the seasonal movements of the fish. Another pillar of the economy is tourism, with the isolation of the district as well as its favourable climate making the area a popular destination in spite of rudimentary facilities. The district is also a prime producer of palm oil, with companies such as BIDCO maintaining plantations in the area. Logging and livestock farming – particularly the rearing of cattle, pigs and poultry – also contribute significantly to the local economy.