Find Agriculture expertise in Brunei Darussalam

Industry

Agriculture, along with forestry and fisheries, contributes only 1% to the Brunei’s total GDP (2010). The primary agricultural products include rice, vegetables, fruits, chickens, water buffalo, cattle, goats and eggs. The role of the agricultural industry has changed due to the growth of the oil industry which has replaced it in terms of significance. With favourable employment opportunities in the oil sector, the number of people working in agriculture and the amount of land available to it has declined. Agricultural land accounted for 2.1% of total land area in 2009, having stayed at a constant level since 2007 (World Bank).

A relatively small number of people work in the industry according to the Department of Agriculture, in 2008 4205 people were employed in crops, alongside 810 in livestock and 107 in agri-processing. The previous decline in agriculture decreased self-sufficiency, increased the need for imports and made food security a pressing issue. In order to combat this, the state has placed much importance on agriculture and agri-food development. Extensive work has been put into fruit and rice farming, and livestock, in order to improve production. Indeed the industry has been the focus of several key recent economic initiatives in the country, with the production of Brunei’s own halal food produce and a drive towards self-sufficiency in rice production. In the 2000s the livestock sector continued to dominate agricultural sector development, with the production of poultry and eggs, alongside leafy vegetables, attaining levels of self-sufficiency. The Department of Agriculture and Agrifood, which is part of the Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources, is the government department in charge of administering the industry.

Agriculture organisations in Brunei Darussalam
Brunei Agricutural Reasearch Centre, Department of Agricuture