Find Mining expertise in Canada

Canada is among the world’s leading exporters of potash, uranium, nickel, zinc and asbestos and a major producer of aluminium, cadmium, cobalt, copper, gold and, in the 2000s, diamonds. There are large reserves of nickel, copper and cobalt.

Despite only having discovered diamonds in the 1980s, Canada is now the third largest diamond producer on value basis in the world. It is also the largest producer of uranium globally. The four largest multinationals in the world – Vale, Anglo American, BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto – have operations in Canada along with Canada’s biggest diversified mining company, Teck Resources. Foreign ownership is restricted in uranium mining.

Canada’s largest gold mine, Canadian Malartic, opened in 2011. It is operated by Montreal-headquartered Osisko Mining Corp and is through to have a resource of up to 348 tonnes.

DeBeers operates two diamond mines in Canada, Snap Lake and the Victor mine (see Community relations).

The Snap Lake mine was De Beers’ first mine outside of Africa, is unique in Canada. Located in Ontario, the mine is Canada’s first completely underground diamond mine. Operations began in 2008 and has an annual processing capacity of 2.7 million tonnes or 600,000 carats.

Extractives directly and indirectly accounts for almost a fifth of nominal GDP and 1.6 million jobs. The natural resources sector is a leading employer for first nation communities. Including forestry, the sector employs around 32,000 indigenous people, representing 8.3 people of all first nation employment.

Mining and Minerals organisations in Canada
Natural Resources Canada