Find Electricity and Power expertise in Ghana

The greatest single source of power in Ghana is the Volta River Project, based on a hydroelectric installation. The electricity supply mix is undergoing a transition from a largely hydro-based system to a largely thermal-based one relying on natural gas as the main source of fuel. This transition has been made possible by the West African Gas Pipeline Project, prompted by population growth, rural electrification and expansion in industry. In response to this, the government, in collaboration with a private company, has completed the Takoradi thermal plant which supplies 650MW of power to the Volta River Project. Hydropower has traditionally been the cheapest form of electricity generation in Ghana because of the vast reserve in Lake Volta. Along with hydropower, oil-based generation is used in power supply. In recent years, investment has been made into gas-based generation to diversify the sector. 

The demand for power is growing at a rate of around 10% a year. In 2012 the demand was at 1400MW, which was expected to rise by 1500MW of new electricity capacity over the following five years. This will be aided by an expansion programme targeting state owned capacity, with a new dam – Bui Dam – set to come on line in 2013. The country exports power to neighbouring Togo and also has an agreement with Cote d’Ivoire to export or import power as the situation demands.

During 2003-08, 3.2% of the population gained access to power annually. In 2012 national access to electricity supply was estimated to be 43%, yet over 80% of the domestic electricity supply is consumed in cities and towns. In 2009 energy consumption stood at 265kWh per capita. In terms of renewable energy sources, Ghana’s target is to have 10% of all sources coming from renewable energy supplies (2009).

Ghana is ranked 114th in a quality of electricity supply study, according to the World Economic Forum’s ‘Global Competitiveness Report 2011-12’. It scores 3.0 which means the country’s electricity supply is mostly sufficient and reliable, although it is 1.5 below the world’s mean average of 4.5. 

Electricity and Power organisations in Ghana
Cummins Ghana
Electricity Co. of Ghana Ltd
Energy Commission of Ghana
Ministry of Energy
Volta River Authority