Bugiri District, formerly part of Iganga District, is located in the Eastern Region of Uganda. In 2010 part of the district was carved to form Namayingo District. The majority of the district’s land mass constitutes the drainage basins of Lake Kyoga and Lake Victoria, creating many swamps which are interspaced by gentle, undulating hills.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy, with main crops including lowland rice, cassava, maize, millet, sweet potatoes, sweet bananas, matooke and coffee. Some commercial agricultural companies, such as Tilda Uganda Limited, grow rice and other produce in the area. Commercial fishing is also a popular economic activity in Bugiri District due to its wealth of freshwater bodies, although recently participation in this activity has dropped due to overfishing.